Toyota Land Cruiser

FJ60, FJ62 and FJ80 1980-1997 of release

Repair and car operation



Toyota Land Cruiser
+ 1. Maintenance instruction
+ 2. Maintenance
+ 3. Engines
+ 4. Systems of cooling, heating
+ 5. Fuel and exhaust systems
+ 6. System of decrease in toxicity
+ 7. Transmission
+ 8. Brake system
+ 9. Suspension brackets and steering
+ 10. Body
- 11. Electric equipment
   11.1. Search of malfunctions
   11.2. Safety locks
   11.3. Fusible crossing points
   11.4. Breakers
   11.5. Relay
   11.6. Breaker of indexes of turn / alarm system
   11.7. A combination of switches on a steering column
   11.8. Lock of ignition and lock drum
   11.9. Indexes of level of fuel, pressure and oil temperature
   11.10. Guard of devices
   11.11. Screen wiper electric motor
   11.12. Receiver and loudspeakers
   11.13. Aerial
   11.14. Heater of back glass
   11.15. Headlights
   11.16. Case of a halogen headlight
   11.17. Sound signal
   11.18. Replacement of lamps
   11.19. Lateral mirrors with the electric drive
   11.20. System cruise control
   11.21. Window regulator electric drive
   11.22. Electric drive of door locks
   11.23. Safety cushions
+ 12. Electroschemes




11.1. Search of malfunctions

GENERAL INFORMATION

The typical electric chain consists of an element of electric equipment, switches, the relay, engines, the safety locks, burned-through crossing points or automatic
switches and wires and connections which connect all elements among themselves and connect them to the accumulator and (mass) of the car. To simplify process of troubleshooting in section 12 electric circuits of system of electric equipment of the car are given. For example, the problem of troubleshooting is considerably facilitated, if it will be possible to check serviceability of other consumers directly or indirectly connected to a suspected chain.

If refusal of several consumers is observed, the most probable cause is break of connection with weight or a safety lock peregoraniye. As a rule refusals of electric equipment are caused by weakening of contacts or their corrosion, a peregoraniye of a safety lock or a crossing point oplavleniye. Search of malfunctions as a rule is carried out by means of a tester (voltmeter) or a control lamp which are connected between a site of a faulty chain and well smoothed out weight.

Connecting a tester or a lamp consistently on a contour of a chain it is possible to reveal a faulty site which is found on loss of tension or a lamp pogasaniye. For search of short circuit in wires it is necessary to get a safety lock of a checked chain and in a gap to connect a lamp or the voltmeter. To short circuit with weight points lamp fire when rocking wires here and there (the tester should show tension). For check of reliability of connection with weight connect through an ohmmeter (or through a control lamp to a battery) checked connection of a wire with weight and well smoothed out site of weight. If the ohmmeter shows a chain (or the lamp will light up), connection with weight the reliable. Otherwise contact to weight is broken.

Keep in mind that in most cases the weight serves the return tokoprovody, connecting a chain with a negative pole of the battery. Therefore violation of connection with weight, or a gap in a chain of a return current on the battery, can be the main reason for refusal.